Indonesia has the largest mangrove ecosystem in the world, with an area of 3.36 million hectares (KLHK, 2021). This area constitutes 23% of the world's total mangroves, which are capable of storing carbon up to a third of all carbon stored in coastal ecosystems in the world. Mangroves store 3-5 times more carbon than mainland tropical forests.
Mangrove ecosystems also have an impact on climate change. The existence of healthy mangroves in coastal areas can increase the resilience of coastal communities to climate change and minimize the effects of natural disasters, such as tsunamis, storms, and sea waves. In addition, if mangroves are managed effectively and sustainably, they can become a reliable source of income and food for local people and contribute to food and social security.
Unfortunately, since 1980 the area of mangrove forests in Indonesia has decreased and even lost around 33% (FAO 2007 and FAO 2020). The leading causes are land conversion and illegal logging.
Protecting the remaining mangrove forests is a top priority besides replanting mangrove land.
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