Mangrove  Pesisir OKI


YKAN Utilizes the Independent Curriculum as an Educational Tool for Mangrove Ecosystems for elementary school students at OKI

The Merdeka Curriculum launched by the Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia in February 2022 raises many pros and cons. The Independent Curriculum provides opportunities for students to learn about things close to their daily lives (local content), such as the surrounding natural environment, through cross-disciplinary learning, which is not accommodated by national subjects.

For nature conservation organizations such as Yayasan Konservasi Alam Nusantara (YKAN), this is a golden opportunity to educate school students about the condition of the environment and nature around them, as well as ways to preserve or improve it. YKAN seeks this golden opportunity through the Mangrove Ecosystem Restoration Alliance (MERA) Program in one of its work locations, namely the coastal area of Ogan Komering Ilir (OKI) Regency, South Sumatra.

Read: The Urgency of Protecting Wetlands for a Sustainable Life

Pemukiman, petak tambak, dan hutan mangrove. Inilah salah satu potret lingkungan hidup masyarakat pesisir Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ilir (OKI) di Desa Sungai Lumpur, Kecamatan Cengal, Provinsi Sumatera Selatan.
Photo Caption Settlements, pond plots, and mangrove forests. One of the environmental portraits of the coastal community of Ogan Komering Ilir (OKI) Regency in Sungai Lumpur Village, Cengal District, South Sumatra Province. © Dhika Rino Pratama/YKAN
Sejauh mata memandang adalah tambak. 70% tambak yang ada di pesisir OKI berada di kawasan Hutan Lindung. Alih-fungsi hutan mangrove menjadi tambak adalah salah satu persoalan lingkungan yang ada di pesisir OKI.
Photo Caption As far as the eye can see are ponds. 70% of the ponds on the coast of OKI are in Protected Forest areas. The conversion of mangrove forests into ponds is one of the environmental problems on the OKI coast. © Dhika Rino Pratama/YKAN

Mangrove for Life

OKI Coast has a mangrove ecosystem area of 40,014.44 hectares.


OKI Coast has a mangrove ecosystem area of 40,014.44 hectares, which provides various environmental benefits to the surrounding community. However, the mangrove areas on the OKI coast, especially those in protected forests, are increasingly being degraded yearly due to the conversion of mangrove areas into ponds. Around 70% of community ponds on OKI coast are in protected forests.

One of the strategies carried out by MERA in this program is awareness-raising activities through the school curriculum. In collaboration with the OKI Education Office, the South Sumatra Education Quality Assurance Agency (BPMP), and the South Sumatra Teacher Mobilization Center (BGP), MERA facilitated the preparation of modules and educational content related to mangrove ecosystems that teachers on OKI coast can use.

Kondisi geografis di pesisir OKI dilalui oleh sungai besar maupun kanal sungai yang bercabang. Jarang ada jalan setapak maupun jembatan yang menghubungkan satu dusun dengan dusun lainnya. Oleh karena itu, transportasi yang paling sering digunakan adalah perahu atau pun speedboat, sambil menyusuri hutan mangrove.
Photo Caption Large rivers and branching river canals traverse geographical conditions on OKI coast. There are rarely footpaths or bridges connecting one hamlet to another. Therefore, the most frequently used transportation is a boat or speedboat while walking through the mangrove forest. © A Yoseph Wihartono/YKAN

This step was taken through the Pancasila Student Profile Strengthening Project (P5), available in the Merdeka Curriculum. The learning activities in P5 will help students observe and think of solutions to problems in their surroundings. The hope is that environmental education encourages students in the future to actively participate in preserving the environment where they live or not to be involved in activities that damage their home environment.

Since November 2022, the OKI Education Office has formed a "Module P5 Development Team on Mangrove Ecosystems" of 13 elementary school teachers in OKI District. By the end of March 2023, the Drafting Team had completed Module P5. Several OKI coast schools will pilot this module in the new academic year in July 2023.

Tarmudik, Head of the Elementary Schools Division of the OKI Education Office, revealed that preparing and implementing the P5 Independent Curriculum module in OKI Districts for the elementary school level is still relatively rare. Therefore, this activity is an initiative that supports the implementation of the P5 Module and the Independent Curriculum in OKI District.

Diskusi Tim Penyusun Modul P5 merumuskan dua tema terkait ekosistem mangrove, yaitu gaya hidup berkelanjutan dan kewirausahaan (22/11/22).
Photo Caption Discussion The P5 Module Development Team formulated two themes related to mangrove ecosystems: sustainable lifestyles and entrepreneurship (22/11/22). © A Yoseph Wihartono/YKAN
Pembekalan oleh Widyaiswara Badan Penjaminan Mutu Pendidikan (BPMP) Provinsi Sumatera Selatan, Ullya, kepada Tim Penyusun Modul P5 tentang ekosistem mangrove di pesisir OKI (22/2/23).
Photo Caption Debriefing by the Lecturer of the Education Quality Assurance Agency (BPMP) of South Sumatra Province, Ullya, to the P5 Module Development Team on mangrove ecosystems on the coast of OKI (22/2/23). © A Yoseph Wihartono/YKAN

MERA initiative benefits teachers who have been and will be involved in this activity. The Independent Curriculum will be implemented nationally in 2024 under the name National Curriculum, but not all teachers have received training related to this curriculum. Therefore, the training and mentoring process facilitated by MERA can help the teachers implement it in the national curriculum in 2024 and become mentors for other teachers who have never received Independent Curriculum assistance.

  "Thank you to the MERA Program, which supports raising students' awareness in Ogan Komering Ilir Regency about preserving mangrove ecosystems by developing teaching materials with an Independent Curriculum. This will help students understand sustainable natural resource management," said Ullya, Widyaprada BPMP South Sumatra.

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