Oceans Program

Sustainable Fisheries

A view from below
A Fish Aggregating Device A view from below. © Foued Kaddachi

Indonesia's total territory is around 7.81 million km2. The marine territory covers a total of 3.25 million km2, in which 2.55 million km2 of it is designated as Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). The EEZ area is divided into 11 Fishery Management Areas (FMA) with distinct characteristics in its ecology, natural resources, infrastructure, human resource capacity, and industry. The Indonesian tropical marine areas in all of its FMA are famous for abundant marine fish species with significant economic value.

Certification and Ecolabeling for Industry The Indonesian government together with the private sector and fishing communities recognize that it is time to catch fish more intelligently. One of them is by encouraging certification and ecolabelling, which are instruments to support sustainable fisheries management.

However, high-value fisheries such as snapper, tuna, grouper, and other related species have been excessively harvested. This overexploitation has resulted in a 10% decrease of most of the species’ biomass in these fishery areas. Therefore, the management of harvest strategy in FMAs and community-based management in traditional fishery zone  is very important so that these fishery resources can be used sustainably.